jueves, 19 de marzo de 2009

Triangulo esclavo en el Indico,Bantú-Swahili-Hindú

FOTO:Sidi Malangbhai de Bharuch (Salim del Ustad) cantando con una Malunga y como él bendice a un niño, utilizando el orhni que abarca el sonajero Mai Misra al polvo fuera de las aflicciones del niño y agitar la cabeza abajo a la tierra.
Goma and Laywa: India and PakistanAfricans have been called by various names in South Asia. As their migration to India is an old phenomenon, the terms describing them have also changed over time and space.The word Africa is a 20th century term. Previously the blacks were perceived to have come from Sudan, Habasha, Zandj or Nuba. People of African descent in South Asia have mostly been referred to as Habshi, Kaffir and Sidi. All these words have Arabic etyma. The best known were the Habasha (Ethiopians), since they were geographically closer to Arabia and associated with Prophet Muhammad. Bilal, the first Muezzin was the son of an Ethiopian slave. Kaffir is from the Arabic word qafr meaning ‘non-believer’ and was originally used by Muslims to refer to the ‘non-muslims’. The etymon of the word Sidi lies in Arabic Seyidi/Sayeedi/Sayedi meaning ‘lord or master’. Today the largest Afro-Indian communities are spread over several States of India but mainly in Gujarat, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Smaller communities are found in Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh (de Silva Jayasuriya 2007a, 2008b). Afro-Gujaratis have been performing in Europe, America and Africa since October 2002. They play sacred music and dance, singing to their ancestral Saint, Bava Gor, who is believed to have been an Abyssinian. They perform dhamal which they call goma, a word whose etymon is found in a Swahili word ngoma meaning ‘drum’ and also ‘dance’. In terms of instruments, the most significant African preservation is the malunga, a braced musical bow. It is found in many African communities within Africa and among the diasporas; in Brazil the malunga is also known as berimbao.

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